Support World View Weekend


Posted: 06/01/12

The Harbinger--A Matter of Critical Discernment

T. A. McMahon



The Harbinger
is a novel that is becoming very popular among both Christians and non-Christians, even reaching the top of the New York Times best-seller list at this writing. What makes it worthy of review, like other books that we have addressed, is that it offers an important opportunity for believers to exercise critical discernment. In this case, author Jonathan Cahn believes that he has discovered prophetic signs from God that are found in the Old Testament and directly apply to the United States, referring in particular to the events surrounding the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Because The Harbinger (TH) is a fictional novel with a large dose of nonfiction added (Scripture), this critique involves two aspects: 1) a personal, subjective opinion, and 2) a more objective consideration of the author's application of Scripture in his novel.


Whenever we read a fictional story or see a movie, our evaluation is almost always subjective, e.g., what we like or don't like about it. As the untutored art critic might say, "I don't know anything about art, but I know what I like!" Even an art aficionado with some expertise rarely gets beyond the subjective, although he has a great deal more criteria than the everyday art lover for evaluating a work of art. In the end, it's still just his opinion.


In my opinion, The Harbinger is a poor script. I say "script" because it reads more like a script than like a novel, lacking nearly all of the elements that go into making a first-rate work of fiction. It tries to fit into the genre of National Treasure and The Da Vinci Code but fails miserably in my view--and I'm hardly an admirer of The Da Vinci Code. The redundancy throughout the book borders on being insufferable. If it were eliminated, TH could easily have been reduced to half its size. In addition, the dialog is repetitious, yet little if any insight into the story's characters is provided, with the result that we don't get to know them any better than we would a stranger whom we might sit next to on a three-minute subway ride.


Good fiction has drama. TH reads like a nine-part seminar, ending with a two-chapter tract. I actually liked some aspects of the last two chapters (though I thought I'd never get there as I struggled through the previous ones). If there had been a clear gospel presentation, these chapters might have the basis for a good tract--but definitely not for a good fictional story. Again, these are simply my opinions. I have little doubt that some will disagree, especially those who are fans of the book.


On the other hand, although TH is a fictional account that invites subjective criticism, it makes numerous claims regarding actual signs or harbingers from God--which it attempts to justify by supporting them with Scriptures. God's Word, however, is not fiction. That subjects TH to factual evaluation, because the Bible is God's objective truth. Therefore, we can challenge Cahn's claims objectively by searching the Scriptures to see if they indeed are true (Acts 17:11). As Isaiah wrote, "To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to [God's] word, it is because there is no light in them" (Isaiah 8:20). Jesus reinforced Isaiah's exhortation in His prayer for believers to His Father: "Sanctify [meaning 'set them apart']...through thy truth: thy word is truth" (John 17:17).


The clarion call of The Harbinger, which seems to be quite sincere and one with which all Christians might agree, is that the American people must repent of their evil ways and turn to God in truth. Amen to that! The major problem, however, is the way that the fictional story attempts to encourage such repentance. It declares that God has sent signs--nine harbingers--to the United States as a wake-up call that the country might take heed, repent, and thus ward off His impending judgment. If Cahn is mistaken about the harbingers and multitudes believe what he asserts, then he has led them astray. That is a serious issue and would identify him as a false teacher. Teaching God's people wrongly carries a "greater condemnation" (James 3:1).


The main characters in the story are a journalist and a mysterious prophet. The central contemporary event related to the harbingers is the September 11, 2001, attack on the World Trade Center in New York City. As the fictional story unfolds, it is revealed that the harbingers of warning and judgment are directly related to a prophecy found in the Book of Isaiah. Here is where the major thesis of the book fails the Prophet Isaiah's own challenge of Isaiah 8:20: the author, Jonathan Cahn, has spoken "not according to [God's] word" but has misapplied the scriptures in an attempt to support his own ideas throughout The Harbinger.


Cahn gleans nearly all of his correlations connecting America with a prophecy made to Israel from one verse--Isaiah 9:10. To begin with, this verse applies only to the tribes of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, who, along with the Southern Kingdom of Judah, comprise God's covenant people. All the way through TH, the United States is presented implicitly as a nation in covenant with God. No, God has only one covenant nation--the nation of Israel. This is a critical error of the book. Although that may be overlooked by someone eager to recognize the U.S. in Isaiah's prophecy, one must read the entire context, which begins with verse 8 and runs through verse 21 of chapter 9.


Cahn flip-flops between God's judgment and God's warning, giving the latter more emphasis as he promotes the idea that if the U.S. will heed the warning and repent of its evil ways and turn back to God, restoration and blessing will follow. Although that principle is true for every individual who turns to Him, Cahn picked the wrong passage of Scripture as a hopeful warning for America. In fact, the entire context of Isaiah 9:8-21 is a prophecy of judgment of the most devastating kind. God declares that He will send Israel's enemies to "devour" them (v. 12), destroying her corrupt leaders and lying prophets (vv. 15-16), and "for all this," His anger would not subside, and in His wrath He would not show them mercy. The carnage would result in civil wars among the tribes of Israel--brother against brother--with utter destruction, starvation, cannibalism (vv. 19-20), and finally captivity by her enemy. Even so, "For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out [against Israel] still" (v. 21). No "warning" is even hinted at in these verses.


Cahn's isolation of Isaiah 9:10 and his symbolic interpretation of that verse to make it fit the September 11, 2001, jihadist attack on the U.S. is preposterous. (It's also very odd that nowhere in the book is Islam or the term "Muslim" mentioned.) Nevertheless, as tragic as 9/11 was, what reasonably discerning person would see this as comparable to Isaiah's account of God's judgment on the Northern Kingdom of Israel? Furthermore, even a cursory review of American history will bring to mind far more devastating events than 9/11, from Washington D.C. being burned and sacked in the War of 1812, to the Civil War, to Pearl Harbor, to the debacle in Vietnam, etc. Ignoring such events, Cahn zeroes in on the devastation of "Ground Zero" as verification that God has removed His "hedge of protection" from the United States. How Cahn decides what events of contemporary history God is using for His very specific purposes is troubling. Are they Cahn's own prophetic insights or just his speculations? If the former, he is on very tenuous ground.


For many, selectivity on Cahn's part creates some of the most compelling assertions in the novel. Again and again, as G. Richard Fisher of Personal Freedom Outreach has noted, "Cahn is playing on the old mistake of saying [that] similarity means identity." The nine harbingers are selectively (and erroneously) taken from Scripture and are then given life by the comparison to similar things surrounding 9/11, which are then identified with Isaiah 9:10. That's the faulty method. Fisher explains, "Similarity is not identity. A $100 bill is similar to monopoly money, which is paper, has numbers on it, and is referred to as money." To attempt to tie them together beyond that similarity, like paying a bill with monopoly money, will have embarrassing consequences at least.


Isaiah 9:10 cannot be identified with America and 9/11, and that's all one has to understand in order to reject Cahn's book. Yet, for those enamored with The Harbinger and still not convinced of its serious biblical problems, consider a few of the harbingers themselves (there's not enough space here to evaluate all of them). The sycamore and cedar trees are mentioned in Isaiah 9:10: "The bricks are fallen down, but we will build with hewn stones: the sycamores are cut down, but we will change them into cedars." The passage uses sycamores as a metaphor for weaker trees being replaced by stronger, taller cedars in an act of arrogant defiance by the Israelites, who will not submit to God. Cahn points to a singular sycamore and what he refers to as a type of cedar tree (actually a Norway Spruce) that replaced it at Ground Zero as harbingers connected to Isaiah 9:10. Although there is a similarity, it takes a great deal of subjective wrangling by Cahn in his attempt to make it match Isaiah's prophecy. The context does not allow Cahn's claims.


Another harbinger of warning to America is referred to as "The Tower." Cahn seems hard pressed to make a biblical connection to a tower other than a vague reference that the main character makes when he's asked how he would know what the Tower of Babel looked like. He replies, "I don't, but I've seen pictures of it." That inane statement aside, Babel was not a Jewish tower. Nevertheless, Cahn finds a Jewish tower that he believes fits. But he had to go to the Septuagint, the translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, for help. Isaiah 9:10 in the Greek is translated thus: "The bricks are fallen down, but come, let us hew stones, and cut down sycamores and cedars, and let us build for ourselves a tower." So, he has his "tower," but not without an inherent problem for "harbingers six and seven." Those harbingers are dependent upon a cedar replacing a sycamore tree. The Greek translation says "sycamores and cedars" are "cut down"; the Hebrew says that sycamores (plural) will be changed with cedars (plural). It would seem that Cahn can't have both his "Septuagint" tower and his "Hebrew" replacement cedar (singular). They contradict one another. [For further explanation, refer to the TBC Extra page in this issue.]


There are numerous other problems with the harbingers, even though they are constructed subjectively and selectively by Cahn. Granted, the author does raise an intriguing date phenomenon related to the economic misfortunes connected with 9/11 when he attempts to link the Jewish shemitah, the Torah law of letting the land lie fallow and the forgiving of debts in the seventh year of a seven-year cycle, as a warning to the U.S. No matter what one conjectures regarding the significance of a stock market crash occurring on the first day of shemitah, the shemitah itself has no bearing on anyone or anything other than the nation of Israel. It has never applied to the Gentile nations, either in actual practice or figuratively in Scripture. To superimpose a connection with America is just that--a superimposition.


Another imposition from Cahn's imagination is his suggestion that the inauguration of George Washington in New York City was a "consecration" of America to God similar to Solomon's consecration of the Temple in Jerusalem. To even compare the two verges on blasphemy, especially because history reveals that much Masonic ritual was involved, as well as the "works-salvation" doctrine of Masonry contained in Washington's speech. It was more suitable to the god of the Masonic Lodge, the Great Architect of the Universe, than to the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob--the God of the Bible.


Part of the dilemma in criticizing The Harbinger is that if the foundational error in it is not acknowledged (that America has some sort of covenant with God, and that there is a direct biblical correlation between Israel and the U.S. in the events of 9/11 and following), that opens the door for the acceptance of the book's many fallacious ideas. This creates a perception of "credibility" simply by entering into a dispute over them. Even so, because most of them are so obviously wrong, pointing any one of them out to someone enthralled with the book may still be helpful. Some of these things are addressed in other parts of this newsletter and will be touched on in our future issues as questions arise.


One final thought--we all know the saying, "You shouldn't judge a book by its cover," and that's a reasonable statement. But I like to check out book covers to see who's endorsing them. That's hardly a failsafe practice, but it can put me on "discernment alert" if it raises red flags. In the case of The Harbinger, a big red flag went up regarding the publisher. Though the cover says "Front Line," it's actually an imprint title of Charisma Media/Charisma House Book Group, the publisher of Charisma magazine. For those not familiar with Charisma, there is no other publication that has supported and promoted more of the unbiblical Word/Faith teachers, the "wealth and health" preachers, the Kingdom/Dominionists, the Apostles and Prophets of the New Apostolic Reformation, the so-called spirit revivals of the Toronto Airport Vineyard, the Brownsville Revival, the Lakeland Revivals, the Latter Rain/Manifest Sons of God, and so forth. There is some irony in the fact that in chapter 9 of Isaiah, TH's key biblical chapter, God brings down His judgment upon Israel because of "lying prophets." Charisma has over the years featured many who fit that description. That doesn't automatically throw TH into a bin of rotten apples, but it should at least cause one to examine its fruit very carefully. Jesus said, "A corrupt tree [cannot] bring forth good fruit" and "by their fruits ye shall know them."


These are days of rampant and beguiling apostasy. We need, therefore, to test all things by the Scriptures so that we do not "slip" away from God's truth (Hebrews 2:1). We also need to pray for and encourage our brothers and sisters in Christ that we all might be biblically discerning regarding the latest agenda, movement, trend, or popular book that is adversely influencing multitudes in the body of Christ.       TBC



Distributed by

By T.A. McMahon

Click here for bio and archived articles

Disclaimer: Worldview Weekend, Christian Worldview Network and its columnists do not necessarily endorse or agree with every opinion expressed in every article posted on this site. We do however, encourage a healthy and friendly debate on the issues of our day. Whether you agree or disagree, we encourage you to post your feedback by using the feedback button.


Printer Friendly Version | Return to home | Send this article to a friend


The vilest men are exalted today in politics, pulpits, printing presses, etc.
Posted On: 10/03/12 05:11:55 PM Age 0, IA
T.A., you gave a wonderful explanation of an obvious deceptive book, "The Harbinger." There are some still so wanting America to come back from the brink of disaster, that they latch onto ANYTHING that gives them hope. Satan knows this and sends deceivers to confuse and destroy. 2 Timothy 3:13 KJV "But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse , deceiving , and being deceived." Scripture says Hebrews 7:19 KJV "For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God." It is not the hope in the Old Testament law or events that the "saved" cling to -- but to a "Better Hope," Jesus Christ. America is NOT repenting at all. Psalm 12 compares man to God's Word. Man is not perfect. Ps. 12:2 They speak vanity every one with his neighbor: with flattering lips and with a double heart do they speak. Only God's Word is perfect, Ps. 12:6 "The words of the LORD are pure words." Psalm 12:8 reveals what happens when we compromise one for the other. Psalm 12:8 KJV "The wicked walk on every side, when the vilest men are exalted ." The vilest men are exalted today in politics, pulpits, printing presses, etc. God's Holy Word is changed in NEW versions bibles -- and added to and taken away from in fictional books that claim to be true. The claim itself is an oxymoron. The dictionary explanation of the oxymoron says it best -- e.g. "wise fool." And we know there are plenty of those today who think they are the first word, but are actually the last word. Jesus Christ said it best in Revelation 3:15 "I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot. 16 So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth. 17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked: 18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich ; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see." This is the ONLY Hope for Israel AND America, further explained by simple words, "The dearest idols I have known, What ‘ere those idols be, Help me to tear them from the throne, And worship only thee". –Author Unknown

Don't Completely Discredit this Prophesy
Posted On: 10/02/12 10:06:12 AM Age 0, NC
I believe that he has taken this Scripture out of context, but I also believe there is a warning for the church in America. If I understand this passage correctly, God's anger with Isreal is that they weren't relying on God to build but their own strength saying they were going to do it better. If false teaching is one of the problems at the time of this prophesy (vs. 16), then I think Cahn may want to heed the warning as well. Isaiah's prophesy against Israel is against God's people. Should we who are His people (also under the new covenant in Christ which supercedes the first) consider what Isaiah is writing? There are a lot of similarities between Isarel and the western chruch listed in the frist 12 chapters of Isaiah.

Read the Book, Go Back to Your Bible
Posted On: 10/01/12 04:58:11 PM Age 0, FL
This book is a work of fiction. I think it delivers a good warning to us as individuals, and helps us to understand that as a country, we can only hope God continues to extend His grace and mercy. My suggestion with any book, fiction or non-fiction, is that it is not good to reflect or meditate on it for very long. Go back to your bible.

Many nations have fallen
Posted On: 07/14/12 09:14:11 AM Age 0, MI
It's a well known fact that many past nations, empires, etc. have fallen from the world scene,whether they believed is Isreal's God or not. This network-empire of ours is doing the same, it is declining from within while our leaders overstretch our abilities as a world leader and whether we reuild with hewn stone and cedar trees or not it will not matter, our time as a great nation has come and gone and there is no turning back. Other nations, empires will rise in our stead and eventually they will fall again also until there is no more habitable Earth left to live on.

Cahn Drawing Natural Parellels
Posted On: 06/08/12 03:24:35 AM Age 0, NJ
I've listened to Rabbi Jonathan Cahn speak on the subject of the harbingers, and the links from what occurred on and after 9-11, to what occurred in ancient Israel due to their turning their backs on God, are truly striking, and in and of themselves, are so convincing--awe-inspiring even--however, the whole subject of whether what God applied to ancient Israel, verses what He would apply to our country, especially due to the era of Grace we are now living in, is totally confusing to many of us, at times--you said He would not--Cahn doesn't seem to come right out and say He would, but infers it, due to the links he draws between what happened with ancient Israel, verses what seems to be happening to us-- --I think many of us need Christian teachers to help us understand the question--which is--would God deal with US, or any Gentile nation, in the same manner that He dealt with His people Israel, since Jesus is our Lord and Savior, and we are mostly Gentiles?--so, I'm convinced many of us need to hear from our Biblically astute, and genuinely Christian, teachers, would He?!--that is most vital for us to understand. Personally, I believe He would not, simply because we are now in the age of God's Grace towards mankind through faith in His Son, Jesus Christ--until the Lord draws His Church from off the earth, and God begins to deal with Israel once again, as His people, our heavenly Father's approach towards us will remain different than it was towards ancient Israel--- ---I so hope some Christian teachers, such as you and Brannon Howse, will make a concerted effort, on behalf of our need to understand this, by explaining why this time in man's history, and our circumstances due to this being the Church era, set us apart when it comes to how God Almighty will deal with us and even with the nations in which we now live, verses how He dealt with ancient Israel--thank you very much!:)

Posted On: 06/06/12 10:33:05 PM Age 0, WI
I was very grieved by your attack on Jonathan Cahn and by what you wrote, I have doubts that you did your homework on Jonathan Cahn. I even doubt that you actually read the book since you do not even mention what it is that actually ties the United States to that verse in Isaiah. On 9/12 Tom Daschle, when giving comfort to America recited the words from Isaiah 9:10 to America:" The Bricks have fallen down, but we will rebuild with hewn stones: the sycamores are cut down, but we will replace them with cedars. On the third anniversary of 9/11 John Edwards again said those words from Isaiah. That is what tied it to America. I am grieved when critics come out without doing proper homework and destroy the reputation of a great teacher like Jonathan Cahn. You so much as called him a false prophet! That is quite an accusation! Pretty serious stuff! Deut. 5:20 'You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. When I heard about this book, before I read it, being cautious myself, I researched Jonathan Cahn , listened to his teachings and various interviews and when I felt good about him and his teachings, I read the book. I would suggest you do the same. 3John 9b-10 ... who loves to have the preeminence among them, does not receive us Therefore, if I come, I will call to mind his deeds which he does, prating against us with malicious words. Gal 5:15 But if you bite and devour one another, beware lest you be consumed by one another!

Patterns and Templates
Posted On: 06/06/12 09:57:48 PM Age 0, OK
Keep in mind that Cahn himself has stressed several times both in the book and in interviews that he does not believe in replacement theology or that the Isaiah 9:10 prophecy was written just to America. What he is uncovering is that there was a pattern in Israel's judgement that seems to be repeating itself in actual recorded events surrounding 9/11. While I agree that the fictional backdrop might cause confusion for some, the point was to arouse people to investigate further for themselves, not make a prophetic declaration.

Critical Spirit
Posted On: 06/06/12 01:25:03 PM Age 0, FL
There are many false prophets today and the church does need to be careful BUT I would suggest that some in their zeal for truth have embraced such a critical spirit that it has blinded them. I read the book and heard the author speak in person. I would recommend that before drawing conclusions & passing judgment, the author is contacted and allowed to defend his position/work.

Posted On: 06/05/12 05:16:01 PM Age 0, AZ
i do not agree with your article mr. m. it is very biased and you do not have enough facts or info to make the statement you have made.....

Posted On: 06/05/12 04:09:01 PM Age 0, NY
You know, T.A., that the Puritans went through such suffering and trials when they came here that they likened themselves to Israel but then they began to say they WERE Israel! They began to apply the Mosaic Covenant promises to themselves! And, as you know, Amillenialism then began the majority eschatological view of their day! So, here, where Cahn likens America's experience to Israel and then uses Mosaic Covenant writings to NOW refer to America! Huh??? It is interesting how certain things Washington said and others compare and many coincidences but Is.9:10 and others are NOT given to America. However, this is a story (supposedly) and not theology. Hmmmm. Ala, "Left Behind" series. I do agree that the constant repitition is enough to really bug one and also the conversation between the "prophet" and Nouriel is somewhat irritating. As far as 9/11, there is the notion that America was in on it and it was not so much a Muslim attack as a means by the Illuminati (Central Bankers, etc) to start America's downfall and immersion into the Global Government. Everything "O" is doing is destroying America and converting it into a Socialist/Communist dictatorship with u-know-who running the American portion. The point of the story is that America is under God's judgement and must repent and be the people God wants them to be! Point well taken. We were founded on Christian principles. All one has to do is read what the founding Fathers of our country said and wrote. I like the story but I would not go beyond that as theologically it is not valid, in my opinion.

Read More Feedback | Post Feedback

Ebook Documentary
Special Video

Click Here to Watch Now

Limited Time
Special Offer:

Ebook + Hard Cover
Click Here for Details

Sign up to receive our
FREE Biblical Worldview Newsletter!

* Your Email Address:
* State: 
* Country:
for even MORE alerts sign up here
Bookmark and Share
Find us: Twitter / Facebook
Search Worldview Weekend:
Worldview Tube
Watch the latest commentary by Brannon Howse
Worldview Radio
Listen to the latest Worldview Weekend Radio with Brannon Howse
Roku Channel

iPhone/Android App

Worldview Weekend Online Academy for Students and Adults

Worldview Weekend
Family Reunion

Branson, Missouri
April 26, 27, 28, 2013

Worldview Weekend Radio
with Brannon Howse

Listen live to Worldview Weekend Radio with Brannon Howse M-F at 1-2 pm CT.

NEW! Visit Worldview on your mobile phone for latest news, audio and video!

Brannon Howse
Worldview Weekend
President and Founder
Find us on Twitter and Facebook!
Contact Us
Copyright © 2010 Worldview